Since 1852, when the construction of the Helsinki Cathedral was complete, this magnificent building has been presiding over the center of the city in Senate Square of Helsinki. For many years Finland was part of Russia, so the cathedral was originally built as a tribute to the Tzar Nicholas I. The design of the cathedral is even modeled after the design of the St. Isaac Cathedral in Saint Petersburg. While the outside of the cathedral is very opulent, once you step inside, you’ll notice an almost complete lack of decoration. This is because Lutherans were opposed to the worshipping of saints, which makes the Lutheran cathedrals, in general, more somber than their Catholic counterparts in places like Spain or Italy, that have much more decoration, ornaments, and history.