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Arequipa is the colonial-era capital of Peru’s Arequipa Region. With volcanoes on three sides, it’s filled with baroque buildings constructed from sillar, a white volcanic stone. It is the seat of the Constitutional Court of Peru and is often referred to as the “legal capital of Peru”. With the textile production of wool, Arequipa is an important industrial city in Peru. Its historical significance can be seen in the many museums, churches, cathedrals, and monasteries. Among the highlights are the Catedral Basilica in the main square, the Santa Catalina Monastery, and the Museo Santuarios Andinos.