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Sydney Australia, the capital of the state of New South Wales, is the country’s largest city and one of the most important ports in the South Pacific. In the early 19th century, when it was still a small convict settlement and the first settlers had barely penetrated the interior, it had already established trade with the Pacific Islands, India, China, South Africa, and the Americas. The first sight of Sydney is the always spectacular harbor with the Sydney Harbour Bridge, one of the longest steel arch bridges in the world, and the Opera House, with its glittering white shell-shaped roofs. Because of its history as a great port and its status as the site of the country’s main international air terminal, Sydney is perhaps the only city in Australia with a genuinely international atmosphere, yet it remains a very Australian city, with a nice compromise between its British heritage and the South Seas attractions of its climate and environment.