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Valparaiso Chile is located about 75 miles northwest of Santiago and is home to about 1.8 million people. It was founded in 1536, and its colonial past is still present in the architecture and feel of the city. One of the things that shock many first-time visitors is how hilly it is. One of the best ways to get around the city is via the funiculars, known as ascensores by the locals; there are around 30 of them all throughout the city and they were built between 1883 and 1916. Valparaíso is well known for street art and is considered one of the street graffiti capitals of South America. The mix of indigenous Chilean culture and strong European immigrant culture creates a beautiful blend of artists and perspectives and Valparaiso is often referred to as the “Jewel of the Pacific.”